Fall 2017 Outlook:
With end of the fiscal year September 30, a continuing resolution (CR) was enacted to keep the government operating through December 8, 2017 (P.L. 115-56). The continuing resolution also provided $15 billion in assistance following hurricanes Harvey and Irma and increased the debt ceiling (the government’s borrowing authority to pay bills).
Beyond budget issues, several major issues will be competing for attention with authority for the Maternal Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP), all expiring September 30. Given the limited legislative days in September, it is likely that extensions will be needed until reauthorization measures can be negotiated.
On July 27, a joint statement was released about principles for tax reform by Administration officials and key Congressional leaders (including Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Speaker of the House Paul Ryan, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Senate Finance Chairman Orrin Hatch, House Ways & Means Committee Chairman Kevin Brady, and the National Economic Council Director Gar Cohn). The principles statement included no specifics but focused on the need for rate reduction. One specific topic that was mentioned in the statement was agreement to eliminate the border adjustment tax (BAT) from tax reform efforts. With BAT “off the table,” rate reductions and the inclusion of other tax preferences that lose revenue will be more difficult (e.g., BAT was expected to raise about $1.2 trillion over the next 10 years). The joint statement says that tax reform will move through the regular process (Committee hearings and mark up) this fall. The expectation is that tax reform will be carried on a reconciliation vehicle, which makes adoption of a budget resolution (that includes reconciliation instructions) a “must-do”.
FY2018 Federal Budget Status
FY2018 Proposed Budget: On May 23, President Trump proposed his FY2018 budget.
- President Trump’s FY2018 proposed budget for HHS
- President Trump’s FY2018 proposed budget for the Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
- FY2018 ACF Justification for Appropriations Committees (CJ)
- President Trump’s FY2018 proposed budget for the Department of Education
- FY2018 Dept. of Education Justification for Appropriations Committees (CJ)
- The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) list of tax expenditures
FY2017 Omnibus Appropriations Act (PL115-31) was enacted on May 4, 2017.
- FY2017 Omnibus Appropriations Act Summary/Press Release
- Summary of the FY2017 Labor, HHS, and Education section of the Omnibus
- A more detailed document is contained within Division H, here.
- Text of FY2017 Omnibus
FY2017 Continuing Resolution (PL114-254) Enacted December 2016 (through April 28, 2017)
Congress adjourned in December without passing a full year continuing resolution (CR). Instead, a short-term continuing resolution funding the government through April 28, 2017 was enacted. In order to stay within budget caps enacted as part of the 2015 budget law, a .19% across the board cut was applied. Some spending is exempt from the cap. For example, the Overseas Contingency Fund (OCO) was awarded an increase of about $10 billion to fight ISIS and enhance security (i.e. $5.8 billion for the Pentagon and $4.3 billion for the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development). The CR also includes a few other exemptions to the cap on spending such as $4.1 billion in disaster relief.
- Continuing Resolution through April 28, 2017 (PL114-254, text)
- CR Summary (House Appropriations)
- Rep. Nita Lowey Summary (Ranking Member, House Appropriations)
FY2017 Continuing Resolution Enacted September 2016 (through December 9, 2016)
On September 28, two days before the end of the fiscal year, Congress approved a Continuing Resolution (CR) to continue federal funding through December 9, 2016. A 10 week CR was necessary because the fiscal year ended September 30th and Congress was scheduled to adjourn (i.e., recess through the November elections). Funding was largely continued at FY2016 levels (a freeze) until final determinations can be made in December. Note: An across-the-board spending reduction of .5% was applied in order to keep spending below budget caps.
Many funding decisions will need to be made when Congress reconvenes after the election. It is unclear whether funds will be frozen as part of an FY2017 6 month CR, a year long CR, or potentially informed and adjusted based on committee action earlier this year.
Earlier this year, the House and Senate Appropriations Committees approved their respective FY2017 Labor, HHS and Education Appropriations bills for the fiscal year that begins October 1, 2016. It is unclear at this time when the bills will be voted on by the full House and Senate. For more information related to the federal budget, check out ECEC’s federal budget page.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
Early Care and Learning in the Every Student Succeeds Act
On December 10th, 2015 President Obama signed into law the Every Student Succeeds Act, Congress’ reauthorization (revision) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, previously referred to as the “No Child Left Behind” Act. Here’s what you need to know about early care and learning in the new law.
Early care and learning are embedded throughout provisions within the new legislation, including those addressing Title I, the Ready to Learn literacy program, Promise Neighborhoods, and charter schools. In addition, language now refers to an educational “pipeline” that extends from early childhood throughout post-secondary education. Section 854B emphasizes Congress’ view that state decisions regarding early learning and child care should be independent of federal choice for parents through a mixed delivery system of services so parents can determine the right early learning and child care option for their children.
However, the centerpiece of early care and learning in the new law is under the umbrella of Preschool Development Grants, found in Section 9212. This set of provisions refers to the coordination of comprehensive mixed delivery systems of all early care and learning programs within states, including all federally, state, and privately funded programs serving low and moderate-income children. This encompasses child care, Early Head Start and Head Start, licensed family and center-based child care programs, public schools, and community-based organizations.
Here is a brief summary of the new Preschool Development Grants program:
- It will be jointly administered by the Secretaries of Education and Health and Human Services (HHS); however, the program will be housed by HHS.
- All states are eligible to apply for competitive 1-year grants to support strategic planning and implementation of their state early childhood mixed delivery systems, focused on improving the school readiness of “low-income and disadvantaged” children and improving transitions into the K-12 system.
- States must commit to matching funding at 30% of the grant award.
- States are eligible to apply for a 3-year renewal grant.
- Governors will identify a state entity to administer the grant.
- State strategic plans should address how states plan to use existing resources in order to:
- Align and strengthen the delivery of existing programs by more efficiently using federal, state, local and private resources;
- Coordinate delivery models and funding streams;
- Improve both participation and program quality while maintaining the availability of services; and
- Improve parental choice among existing programs.
- State grant activities must include:
- A periodic statewide needs assessment;
- Collaboration, coordination, and partnership opportunities that improve both program quality, service delivery, and program participation;
- Alignment with existing early childhood statewide initiatives, including governance among State Advisory Councils, as well as the Child and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act of 2014.
- Maximizing parental choice and knowledge of mixed delivery system programs and providers; and
- Sharing best practices among state programs and providers.
- These grants will not be subject to any federal mandates regarding specific requirements around standards, curriculum, and assessment, measures or indicators of quality, teacher and staff qualifications and salaries, program duration (length of day and year), or class sizes and ratios.
- States are encouraged to use subgrants to carry out their strategic plan activities. There is a limit of 60% of funding to support subgrants within a state’s first year of their grant renewal, and 75% in the second year of renewal.
- The House has approved an appropriation of $250m to support this program from FY 2017-2020.
With the passage of the Every Student Succeeds Act, complemented by last year’s reauthorization of the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), states are poised to leverage new statutory reach to align state systems and expand access to high-quality early care and learning programs, including state-funded preschool for children from low- and moderate-income families. However, both federal and state resources remain critical in order to maximize the impact of both newly minted laws. With adequate levels of investment behind them, these key legislative packages may open new inroads that significantly advance how we support America’s workforce of today and tomorrow.
Child Care and Development Block Grant
CCDBG Signed Into Law By President Obama
On November 19th, 2014, the President signed the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act into law. After 18 years without a reauthorization, enactment of the bill in a bipartisan bicameral manner was a historic achievement.
The CCDBG Act of 2014 incorporates input and changes made over the course of the past several years as Congressional leaders and staff, as well as a broad community of advocates and voices from the field, worked to update and improve the act, last authorized in 1996. Introduced in the 113th Congress during the Summer of 2014, the bill represented a bipartisan commitment to reauthorizing the law made by Representatives John Kline (R-MN), George Miller (D-CA), Todd Rokita(R-IN), and David Loebsack (D-IA), and Senators Tom Harkin (D-IA), Lamar Alexander (R-TN), Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), and Richard Burr (R-NC).
CCDBG significantly improves child care safety, quality, and access through a series of key provisions outlined below. The bill includes new language that directly addresses affordability, continuity of care, and cost stabilization that will both benefit families and support providers. Much of this language came directly from ECEC member perspectives that were communicated to Congressional leaders through a variety of channels.
For more information on CCDBG, check out ECEC’s high quality care page.
Final CCDBG regulations were published in the Federal Register on September 30, 2016. Resources related to the final regulations:
- ECEC Summary of the Final CCDBG Regulations
- Final CCDBG (also referred to as CCDF) regulations
- US Map Data Profiles (State dollars and children served and individual state profiles/infographic on working parents & child care)
- HHS: CCDF Final Rule Resources (Fact Sheets, Q&A, Overview Webinars)
- Office of Child Care CCDBG Reauthorization page of implementation resources
Connecting Children and Families to the Affordable Health Care Act
The Department of Health and Human Services has released materials to assist community resources, including child care centers, with connecting children and families to health insurance coverage via the Affordable Health Care Act. Resources include:
Information Toolkit: Download a condensed version of our health care law toolkit to use during the final weeks of open enrollment.
Need health care? https://www.healthcare.gov/